Students Displaying Mastery of Times Tables




Parts 1 and 2 

Lesson Time: 30 minutes each


Part 1 






  1. First, have the class sit or stand in front of the teacher.

  2. Explain that they are going to learn the 5 Times Table.

  3. As the teacher counts to fifty (in a singsong rhythm) have the students make a gesture (raise a hand, or hunch over, etc.) at every fifth number.

  4. For reinforcement, after the number 50 has been reached, have a volunteer, in the role of the teacher, repeat this procedure.

  5. Repeat this method for the numbers 51-100.

  6. Next, have the students work on a 100 box grid (10x10) as the teacher demonstrates the method on the overhead. Starting on the top row, upper left corner, instruct the children to place one dot in each box until they reach the fifth number. In that box they are to write 5. Then have them place one dot in the next four boxes and write the number 10 in the fifth. Guide the class in this manner until they reach 50. Let them complete the rest on their own.

  7. Review by asking for volunteers to fill in the remainder of the overhead grid as the class checks their own work.

  8. Use this method for any number in the times table.


And on the following day...








  1. Distribute to each student a grid containing 100 boxes.

  2. Using an overhead transparency of the grid, write the numbers 1 to 10 across the top row.

  3. As the teacher writes these numbers on the transparency, the children copy them onto their own grid.

  4. Proceed to fill in the numbers 11 to 50 in the appropriate boxes, beginning in the second row and going across. Have the children copy these numbers onto their own grid.

  5. After they have completed writing 1 to 50, ask the children to highlight every fifth number.

  6. Ask students to find the answer to (3) 5's, (6) 5's etc. by counting the highlighted numbers.

  7. Next, have the class discover patterns, such as every highlighted number will end with a 5 or 0, or, when counting directly up or down a column, the number changes by 10.

  8. Let the students fill in 51 to 100 on their own, highlighting every fifth number. First finishers can volunteer to finish the transparency grid.

  9. Ask students to find the answers to (11) 5's, and (15) 5's etc., by counting the highlighted numbers.

  10. Ask the children if the patterns they discovered still hold true for the second half of the grid.

  11. In a space below the grid, have the students copy and solve problems such as:

8 x 5 =   4 x 5 =   7 x 5 =   11 x 5 =

"No foot, no horse."

-Jeremiah Bridges



"Get on the good foot."

-James Brown


  More Apples and Oranges!

Penny Ann Early (born 1944) was an American athlete who achieved two notable firsts: she was the first female jockey, and the first woman to play in a professional basketball league.

Early became the first licensed female jockey in the U.S. in 1968. Male jockeys unanimously refused to ride in the first few races in which she was slated to compete at the Churchill Downs.

In the midst of this controversy the Kentucky Colonels of the American basketball Association signed Early to a contract to play basketball for the team. Early had not played basketball at any level. (At just 5'3" and 112 pounds, she was also the smallest pro basketball player ever.) Management, including Colonels majority owner Ellie Brown, ordered coach Gene Rhodes to play Early in a game. Rhodes was not amused and protested to management.

Penny's moment came on Wednesday, November 27, 1968, against the Los Angeles Stars. Wearing a miniskirt and a turtleneck sweater with a number 3 on the back (to represent the three boycotted races at Churchill Downs), Early warmed up with the players and sat on the bench with the team.

Early in the game, during a timeout, Rhodes reluctantly sent Early to the scorer's table, where she checked into the game. In the Kentucky backcourt she took the ball out of bounds and inbounded it to teammate Bobby Roscoe. He quickly called a timeout and the Colonels removed Early from the game to a standing ovation. Afterward, she signed hundreds of autographs.



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