"He who thinks he knows, but knows not is a jester. Avoid him.
He who knows not that he knows not is unschooled. Pity him.
But he who knows that he does not know is a wise man. Cultivate him."
CASH IN THE ATTIC
Follow the Money!
A Study Skills Guide
This guide is designed to help students develop effective study skills. It is not a magic formula for success. Studying requires work, as well as good strategies. Using the information in this guide, however, will give children the tools for the best learning possible.
"The only easy day was yesterday."
- United States Navy Seals
Don't Spread My Wealth, Spread My Work Ethic!
Study Tip # 1
"Get a good night's sleep and have a good breakfast."
Sounds Like a Plan
people study the same way. Decide whether you work better after school, or
after dinner, or early in the morning. Do you require absolute quiet, or do you
work better with background noise? Do you like to study alone, or with a group?
Need a comfortable chair, or do you work best on the floor?
The artist Edward Hopper would paint Manhattan
skylines when in Cape Cod, and Cape Cod landscapes while in Manhattan!
Sleep On It
Scientists conducted a study in which half a group of students
memorized 20 words at 9 a.m. while the other half memorized the words at 9 p.m.
Those who memorized the words at night recalled 12% more.
Researchers found that the mind strengthens connectors between bits of information as we sleep.
Study Tip # 2
"Don't play sports or tire yourself before doing anything that requires thinking, or memory, such as studying for a test. Make sure that you are fully relaxed."
Do Not Disturb!
It is important to have uninterrupted study time. You may have to hang a DO NOT DISTURB sign on the door or take the phone off the hook!
Study Tip # 3
"The study tip I would like to recommend is to deal with anything that is getting in the way of your success. Say, for example, you're trying to study but keep thinking of something else. Then do what you have to do to deal with it and then get to studying with a cleared mind."
Study Tip # 4
"Before starting to study, I make sure that I am not sleepy, hungry, or thirsty and I don't need to use the bathroom. If I feel any of those necessities before I study, I take care of them first. This way, there will be no unnecessary interruptions while I'm doing my work."
Make sure you have enough time to learn the most important things. Figure out how much time you have, what you need to learn in the order of their importance, and get started!
Two Heads are Better Than One
Get a classmates phone number or E-mail address.
Form a study group (2-5 students work best).
Study Tip # 5
"I understand and remember more when I listen to someone else, so for me it's easier to work or study with a buddy."
One Head is Better Than Two
Some students are reflective, and do their best work while alone.
If this includes you, go for it "totus porcus" (whole hog).
Here's a great way to review material with your study group. One member researches the chapter being studied and prepares ten questions. The rest of the group write the numbers one to ten on a whiteboard. The researcher then reads the questions to the group, one at a time, and the students record their answers.
As a group review, the researcher asks individuals for the answers. After all ten questions have been reviewed, the researcher asks the group, "For number one, what was the question? And so on.
This activity really makes the students think.
Great Minds Think Alike?
Don't Believe It!
Each of us has a best way of learning things!
Learn best seeing information-reading, studying maps, graphs, flash cards, or taking notes using different colors.
Students are 78% more likely to remember words and phrases that are in color.
Color and text, working together, improves recall by 82%
The Power of Color
"I Use 3" x 5" index cards. I write the questions on one side and the answers on the other side, and use them as flash cards
Study Tip # 7 and # 8
"My study tip is that you should write brief notes onto squares of colored paper, and then look at them regularly. Having the answers on the back helps you learn as well. Use different colors and bright highlighters to make it interesting. Try it. It totally works."
"Draw pictures next to each bullet on your study guide. The crazier your picture, the more likely you are to remember the information. Add color to the pictures you drew. You may use colorful bubble letters to represent information."
Learn best hearing hearing the subject matter - using tape recordings, explaining things to others, or reading aloud when studying as well as working with a buddy.
Study Tip # 9
"Definitely listen in class. You won't have to study so hard if you actually know some of the information beforehand."
Study Tip #10 - 11
"My own personal tip would be to listen to easy music but on a low volume. This has helped me study better because I'm not distracted by the words in a song. And sinceI don't like studying in an extremely quiet place the music helps both problems."
"Have someone read the notes to you as you read the notes silently to yourself. Do this multiple times."
Learn best by touching objects or moving about-using computers, pattern blocks, role playing, taking part in plays, dancing, creating rap songs with information, and doing experiments in science.
Study Tip # 12 and # 13
"I like to walk around while memorizing or even to act out stuff I want to remember."
"You may also try singing the information to yourself and add body movements/dance as you review the information. The more your tie your senses into studying, the more likely you are to remember the information."
Study Tip # 14
"I find that whenever I sit down to study, I get distracted so easily and suddenly I am inspired to do so many other things - except studying. So what I do is I have a piece of blank paper with me when I study, and whenever one of these ideas come to mind I simply jot them down, so that I can do them at a later stage. By doing this I know that I won't forget to do it - after my exams, so I can carry on studying peacefully."
Researchers at Landmark College, Vermont, have found that
the best way to learn is to use a multi- sensory approach - visual, auditory and kinesthetic.
Memories are Made of This
The more senses you use the more you remember!
You learn 10 % of what you read.
20% of what you hear.
50% of what you see and hear.
70% of what you discuss with others.
80% 0f what you experience personally.
95% of what you teach others.
Know How to Learn
Learn to scan.
When you scan a chapter, read through it quickly to get a general sense of the subject matter.
Glance over the first and last paragraphs.
Thumb through the rest of the chapter noticing titles, pictures, captions and special headings.
Headings and Subheadings are short statements of key ideas.
As you scan, turn these special headings into questions about something you want to find out about.
Jot down these questions.
Next, begin to read through the chapter.
Read the chapter, section by section, trying to answer your questions.
After you answer the question, recite the answers verbally.
see something important, adjust your reading speed.
Put what you have learned into your own words.
Memorization comes last, after you understand the material.
You can Try the SCROL Method
Scan, Connect, Read, Outline, and Look Back
First, look at the headings and subheadings to determine the content. Next read the material and highlight the key content. As you complete each section, say aloud or write what you have learned from the section and how this related to the previous section. Then summarize by creating some type of diagram to highlight the learning. This can be a web, a time flow chart or Venn diagram, etc. Finally, write down any questions you still have and develop a plan to answer them.
Study Tip # 15 - 18
"My tip is to increase my vocabulary so concentration is not interrupted while studying."
"Take breaks when working so that you do not wear down.
And reward yourself when you complete an assignment."
"Always have plenty of lined paper around. Lines help you to write your notes properly and neatly. I know it - it helps me!"
"Remember - during a study period (15 minutes is reasonable), your brain remembers the most during the first few minutes and last few minutes of your study time. After you have studied 15 minutes for a test, take a five minute break. When you start again, start studying in a different place than before. "
Study Tips # 19 -21
"Read over your notes a couple of times and then sum it up in your own words. Writing it down might store it in long-term memory."
“When I study I like to recreate my notes. Colors and shapes help me to remember. Circling things or highlighting works great. I connect the color or shape with the information and I tend to remember it better (and longer).”
"Keep a "log book" or record of needs to be accomplished in each study section."
Study Tip # 22 - 24
"Keep peppermints in your mouth while studying. They clear your nasal passages for fresh air. More fresh air means more oxygen for the brain. Trust me, this really helps."
"For girls, when you study, have a scent in the room, preferably a perfume or something. Then when you take the test, wear that perfume. It can help you remember what you study because you relate the scent to the information. Of course you have to use a scent that you wouldn't normally smell."
"Study for yourself, not because your parents want you to but because you are the creator of your own destiny."
The Proof of the Pudding is in the Eating
When Test Day Arrives
Always approach your test with a positive attitude. Remember that cramming the night before is not going to win you any laurels. Follow your normal routine and try eating well and getting to school a little early with everything you need. When the paper comes around, tackle the easy questions first. Donít panic every time you canít answer a question. Skip it for the time being and move on to the next question. Before you hand in your paper, go back to the questions you skipped. Finally, review your work.
Study Tips for Parents
Create a good learning environment at home. Set aside a special place for studying free of distractions such as family activities, the radio, TV or stereo.
Schedule a standard study time so that it will become part of your child's regular routine.
Meet your child's teacher through personal conferences or telephone calls. Attend school activities such as Open House and PTA meetings.
Keep on track: Ask the teacher to provide you with a schedule of upcoming homework assignments and due dates.
If your child seems to be struggling, ask the teacher about tutoring programs, mentors or other assistance. Find out if there are special activities you can do with your child at home. Remember, the school staff wants your child to succeed.
Reading: Get a library card; read and discuss a variety of materials with and to your child every day. Get books and magazines they will enjoy; discuss stories together. This enhances reading skills and reading comprehension.
Ask questions after reading a story that encourages your child to compare, contrast and evaluate. For example, read a story about frogs and ask: What are some of the differences between a frog and a cat? A frog and a fly? A frog and a snake? For Texas History, ask how Texas became an independent country.
Vocabulary: Ask the meaning of a new word or explain the meaning of one to your child.
Discuss, compare, evaluate: Reward your child by selecting certain TV shows and movies to watch together and then discuss, compare and evaluate the show together. For example, why was it a good show? Describe the costume or animal in the show. Was this a better movie than the last one you saw together and why?
Math: Relate math concepts to everyday life. For example talk about building things with blocks and count, add, multiply them together; use math skills while shopping together; when traveling, discuss distances, miles per hour and other math problems, etc.
Writing: Children need to write, write, write. Encourage them to have a journal and/or diary. Look over their writing assignments, check for errors and discuss how to improve it.
Science: Start a garden together. Visit museums. Explore, ask questions and do experiments at home to strengthen your child's science process skills.
Organize concepts and topics graphically. For example, in U.S. History, the core of the graph would depict the main topic (Growth of Democracy in America). The spokes could be the Magna Carta, Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution. These graphic organizers can be used in reading stories, organizing their writing topics, etc.
Have fun together: Board games are an enjoyable way to improve both reading and math skills while building strong family ties.
Communicate: Don't be afraid to ask your child questions. Ask to see test scores, homework and school agenda so you can stay informed.
"Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work."